Migrating out of Poverty

Exploring the links between migration and poverty through research, capacity building and policy engagement

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Migration data

In recent years there have been significant improvements in the availability and use of migration data however gaps remain that hinder the extent to which conclusions can be drawn about the relationships between migration and poverty. Data on internal migration remains particularly patchy which in turn limits development of appropriate policies.

The migration data research stream focuses on developing new databases on internal migration and remittances to provide a critical resource for migration researchers globally and to provide insights into internal migration and poverty.

Migrating out of Poverty is in the process of completing 5 quantitative surveys and 4 qualitative projects, currently, with possibly more datasets to come. Below are links to the quantitative data sets that are currently available for use. Qualitative datasets are a bit more difficult to give direct access to, due to the nature of the data. But if you have an interest in the areas in which we work, please email migrationrpc@sussex.ac.uk with details of your request and we will get back to you.

  • Quantitative Household Surveys


    The Migrating out of Poverty (MOOP) Research Programme Consortium (RPC) conducts research across Asia, Africa and Europe. Our research focuses on the relationship between internal, regional and international migration and poverty. Part of our research relies on a set of comparable quantitative household surveys conducted in Ghana, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Zimbabwe between 2013 and 2015.

    The first wave of quantitative surveys was conducted in 2013 covering Indonesia, Bangladesh and Ghana, followed by surveys in 2014 and 2015 in Ethiopia and Zimbabwe. MOOP is now publishing this data online to facilitate further research by the wider community of academics, researchers and students. Approximately 1200 households were sampled in each country and interviewed using a near-identical questionnaire. The samples consist of households with current migrants and households with no current migrants.

    User guides and questionnaires

    Each survey is accompanied by a User Guide which summarises the sampling methodology adopted by each of the partners leading the in-country work; sets out key definitions and describes the data files. These are based on sources such as the fieldwork manuals and research reports provided by the partners. We recommend you read the User Guide before downloading the datasets.

    While our surveys use near-identical questionnaires we recommend you download and read the questionnaires for each country as there are differences in coded responses to reflect country contexts and also slight differences in ordering of questions.

    Data files

    Data for each country is available in both STATA and SPSS formats. The user guide for each country contains further details.


    This project was funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID).

    DFID supports policies, programmes and projects to promote poverty reduction globally. DFID provided funds for this study as part of that goal but the views and opinions expressed are those of the authors alone.

    Data may be used freely by academics, researchers and students. Please acknowledge your use of the MOOP data in any work you publish. See the User Guides for each country for an appropriate phrase.

  • Past work

    The Consortium's work in this area also builds on data gathered by the predecessor of Migrating out of Poverty, the Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty (Migration DRC) specifically the Migration in National Surveys database – a unique catalogue of existing household survey and census datasets that contain information about migration in developing countries, and the Global Migrant Origin Database which contains global data on origin-destination migrant stocks by country and economy. 

    Working papers
    Date Title and download Authors
    February 2009 Child Migration in National Surveys Adriana Castaldo, Saskia Gent, Gunjan Sondhi and Ann Whitehead
    September 2005 Quantifying the Bilateral Movements of Migrants Christopher R Parsons, Ronald Skeldon, Terrie L Walmsley and L Alan Winters
    Briefing papers
    Date Title and download
    October 2008 Measuring the Migration-Development Nexus: An Overview of Available Data
    April 2005 Who is Most Likely to Migrate from Albania? Evidence from the Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey
    Resource guides
    Date Title and download
    2008-2011 Migration in National Surveys
    2005-2007 Global Migrant Origin Database

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